Wednesday, 11 March 2015

Revealing 6 Facts Ultimate Tambora eruption

Ultimate Tambora eruption
5 April 1815, a date which is attached in history. How not, at that date, there was a 'doomsday' caused minor eruption of Mount Tambora in Dompu, West Nusa Tenggara.

Unsparing, Tambora spewing ash and pyroclastic rocks hundred cubic kilometers. The explosion reportedly heard up to the island of Sumatra, which is 2,000 miles away. Meanwhile, volcanic ash spread to Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Java, and the Moluccas.

The death toll from the eruption of Tambora was not a little. At least, 92 thousand people died as a result of volcanic eruption ever be one of the highest peaks in this archipelago.

Now, 200 years passed from the great eruption. However, the strength of Tambora still be a byword. Commemorating 200 years of the eruption of Tambora which falls in April 2015, a few facts awesomeness eruption of Tambora, anything?

Ultimate Tambora eruption

Problem volcanic eruptions, history records many eruption that shook the world. Tambora is one of them. Smithsonian Museum of Natural History even put a volcano Tambora Volcanic Eruption with index (Volcano Eruption Index) is the highest, namely 7. Furthermore, the index 6 girded Huaynaputina (Peru, 1600), Krakatoa (Indonesia, 1883), Pinatubo (Philippines, 1991 ), while the index 5 is owned by Vesuvius (Italy, 79).

Changing the world's climate

Not only the great eruption, Tambora also cause climate change. One year after the eruption, or in 1816, and the dark clouds of dust surrounding Tambora North America and Europe. Clouds blocking the sun and the dust, so that the year is called the year without a summer. Due to the drastic climate change, many crops failed and livestock died in the northern hemisphere which resulted in the worst famine throughout the 19th century.

Burying civilization

Archaeological excavations in 2004 revealed that there is a cultural remnant buried by the eruption of Tambora in 1815 at a depth of three meters in pyroclastic deposits. Artifacts were found at the same position when the eruption. It is estimated, the eruption caused instant death because people could not save themselves. It also makes Tambora called the Pompeii of the East.

Scrape the mountain

Before the eruption, Tambora is one of the highest peaks in the archipelago. Tambora volcano is a conical or stratovolcano, height of about 4,300 meters. However, after the eruption, height only about 2,851 meters or in other words, the eruption of Tambora high third cut.

Dozens crater

Tambora eruption produced many craters. Now there are about 20 craters on Mount Tambora, some of them quite famous and a tourist destination domestically and mancangera like Crater Tahe (877 meters), Crater Molo (602 meters), as well as the Dome of the crater (1648 meters). Like a volcanic crater, craters in Tambora also produce basalt lava flows.

Erupted three times

Before the massive eruption in 1815, Tambora erupted three times. Radiocarbon dating predict, Tambora erupted in 3910 BC, 3050 BC and 740 BC. All major eruption occurred in the hole, but the fourth eruption in 1815 made a caldera collapse. Until now, Tambora is still active status, small lava domes and lava flows still occur on the caldera floor. In 1967, Tambora erupted, however small scale, because the eruption occurred without an explosion.

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